Mastology is a medical specialty focused on the diagnosis and treatment of breast diseases. Among the most common diseases treated by this specialty are breast cancer, fibroadenomas, breast cysts, among others.
The causes of breast cancer can be multiple, such as genetic factors, advanced age, family history, estrogen exposure and others. It is important to note that breast cancer can affect both women and men.
Treatment for breast disease can vary according to the type and severity of the disease, and may include surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, among others. It is important to see a mastology specialist if symptoms such as pain, breast lumps, nipple discharge, breast skin changes, among others, are present.
The subspecialty of mastology includes breast cancer surgery, breast reconstructive surgery and breast pathology, among others. It is important to emphasize that prevention and early detection of breast cancer are fundamental for its treatment and cure, so it is recommended that women from the age of 40 years and older have regular mammograms and perform breast self-examinations periodically.