Neurosurgery is a medical specialty that focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of diseases and disorders of the central and peripheral nervous system, including the brain, spinal cord, nerves and nerve roots. In Guatemala, this specialty is crucial for the treatment of neurological diseases and traumatic injuries.
The causes of neurological diseases are diverse, and may include congenital diseases, infections, brain tumors, traumatic injuries, strokes, and degenerative disorders such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease.
The effects of these diseases can range from headaches and dizziness to paralysis, memory loss, seizures and balance problems. Treatments include surgery, drug therapy and rehabilitation.
Neurosurgery is a very broad specialty, with subspecialties including cerebrovascular surgery, spine surgery, brain tumor surgery, and epilepsy surgery, among others.
It is important to see a neurosurgical specialist when experiencing severe or persistent neurological symptoms, such as severe headaches, balance problems, muscle weakness, seizures or mood changes. Early diagnosis and treatment can significantly improve the patient’s prognosis and quality of life.